As January marks National Glaucoma Awareness Month, this post is intended to emphasize the importance of recognizing the indications of glaucoma. Glaucoma is a category of progressive eye disorders that cause damage to the eye's optic nerve, which can be a precursor to blindness. When uncontrolled, the disease often initially causes vision loss in the periphery of the field of vision and then moves to total blindness. It is considered to be the primary reason for preventable vision loss and more than sixty million people worldwide are afflicted with it.
A contributing reason for the development of glaucoma is considered to be elevated pressure in the eye. As pressure around the eye increases, this causes damage to the optic nerve which delivers messages to the vision centers in the brain. In instances where this system doesn't function normally, vision is impaired. At the current time, damage to the optic nerve can't be reversed.
Glaucoma is especially threatening because distinct from other forms of vision impairment, there are no symptoms until it may be too late.
It is due to this that glaucoma is known as the "sneak thief of sight." This may leave you wondering: how does one detect an illness which has no obvious symptoms?
Early detection of the disease is the key to effective management. Although everyone may be at risk for glaucoma, particular groups are at higher risk than others. Serious risk factors for glaucoma can include those over 45 years of age, individuals with family members who have had glaucoma, a predisposition to diabetes, or other eye conditions such as myopia, hyperopia, eye injuries or high intraocular pressure.
You can learn more about glaucoma if you find a qualified optometrist. There are a series of diagnostic eye examinations relied on by doctors to check intraocular pressure and the risk of glaucoma. Particularly if you are over 45 or have one of the other risk factors named above, you should schedule a routine eye examination on an annual basis.
Unfortunately for the most part glaucoma cannot be prevented. That being said, the optic nerve damage and loss of vision can be halted by early diagnosis and quick treatment. Contact "Dr. Richard E. Hults and Associates, Inc." today, for a yearly screening for glaucoma.